History of the Department of Irrigation in the State :

 

Development of irrigation started by constructing water storage tanks long back in the 1st century A.D. by Chandel Kings in Khajuraho (Chhatapur district). Similarly tanks have also been constructed by Kalchuri dynasty in Bilaspur district during 1120-35 A.D. The recent development in the irrigation has started in Wainganga canal system in Balaghat district was completed in June 1923. The year 1927 is the milestone in the history of irrigation development as the construction of Pagara dam in Gwalior district was completed. Irrigation tanks viz. Palakmati in Bhopal and Moorum Nalla in Balaghat district have been constructed in 1933 and 1936 respectively. During the year 1940-44, in the erstwhile Gwalior State, Shank-Asan Project, Kaketo dam, Aaoda dam, Harshi dam and Tigra dam projects were constructed. These projects have created an irrigation potential of 1.70 lakh acres. Before the independence, the irrigation works were executed keeping in view the security aspect only. C. P. Irrigation Committee (1927-29) imposed a complete ban on new irrigation activities until the schemes already completed proved remunerative. This has not promoted the irrigation activities unless a new era of development started in the year 1951-52. The State is not short of water resources. However, as per assessment, 10.22 million ha. irrigation potential can be created which is approximately 50% of the net sown area (1997) Before the first five-year Plan (1950-51), the State had 2 major projects, 18 medium projects and 618 minor irrigation schemes having irrigation potential of 4.69 lakh ha. At the eve of re-organisation of the State in 1956, the State had 4.84 lakh. ha. irrigation potential with 3 major, 37 medium and 948 minor irrigation schemes . In the year 1984-85, the State had 17 major, 109 medium and 4991 minor irrigation schemes having irrigation potential of 24.52 lakh ha. The irrigation potential in the year 1997-98 has become 33.04 lakh ha. having 22 major, 134 medium and 6910 minor irrigation schemes. After Bifurcation of State the year-wise development of irrigation potential and actual irrigation is given in the following table: -

 

The Year wise Development of Irrigation Potential

 

(in Lakh  Hactre)

 

 

IRRIGATION POTENTIAL CREATION AND UTILIZATION :
S. No. Plan Period Potential created (in Lakh Ha) Actual Irrigation ( in Lakh Ha)
1 Pre-Plan  ( 1950-51 ) 4.69 3.54
2 I - Plan  ( 1951-56 ) 4.84 3.63
3 I I - Plan  ( 1956-61 ) 5.52 4.13
4 I I I - Plan  ( 1961-66 ) 8.65 8.65
5 Three Annual Plan ( 1966-69 ) 11.51 7.44
6 IV - Plan  ( 1969-74 ) 12.35 8.63
7 V - Plan   (1974-79 ) 17.70 12.22
8 Annual Plan ( 1979-80 ) 19.14 12.07
9 VI -  Plan   ( 1980-85 ) 24.52 15.27
10 VII -  Plan   ( 1985-86 ) 25.38 15.56
11 VII -  Plan   ( 1986-87 ) 26.14 17.17
12 VII -  Plan   ( 1987-88 ) 26.71 15.69
13 VII -  Plan   ( 1988-89 ) 27.31 16.54
14 VII -  Plan   ( 1989-90 ) 28.11 18.22
15 Annual Plan ( 1990-91 ) 29.11 18.21
16 Annual Plan ( 1991-92 ) 29.91 19.53
17 VIII -  Plan   ( 1992-93 ) 30.67 19.29
18 VIII -  Plan   ( 1993-94 ) 31.28 19.95
19 VIII -  Plan   ( 1994-95 ) 31.85 19.98
20 VIII -  Plan  ( 1995-96 ) 32.34 20.24
21 IX -  Plan   ( 1996-97 ) 32.68 19.74
22 IX -  Plan   ( 1997-98 ) 33.11 19.12
23 IX -  Plan   ( 1998-99 ) 19.89 10.14
24 IX -  Plan   ( 1999-2000 ) 20.00 9.25
25 IX -  Plan   ( 2000-2001 ) 20.31 7.36
26 X -  Plan    ( 2001-02 ) 20.81 9.40
27 X -  Plan    ( 2002-03 ) 21.40 7.69
28 X -  Plan    ( 2003-04 ) 21.99 10.07
29 X -  Plan    ( 2004-05 ) 22.58 10.35
30 X -  Plan    ( 2005-06 ) 23.42 10.13
31 XI -  Plan   ( 2006-07 ) 24.64 9.37
32 XI -  Plan   ( 2007-08 ) 25.90 9.48
33 XI -  Plan   ( 2008-09 ) 26.82 9.71
34 XI -  Plan   ( 2009-10 ) 27.36 8.87
35 XI -  Plan   ( 2010-11 ) 28.51 9.76
36 XII - Plan   ( 2011-12 ) 29.20 16.34
       
Note :- Figures S. No. 23 onwards are for divided Madhya Pradesh